Nepal is one of the richest country in the world, in the terms of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position and altitude variation. The elevation of the country ranges from 60m above sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8848 m, all within a distance of 150 km resulting into climatic conditions from Sub-tropical to Arctic.

Location Situated between Tibetan Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China in the north and India in the South, East and West.
Area: 147,181 Sq. Km.
Longitude: 80° 4’ and 88°12’ East.
Capital: Kathmandu
Population: 23.1 million
People: Nepal has more than 101 ethnic groups and 92 spoken languages
Language: Nepali is the official language of Nepal. However, English is understood and spoken by majority of people in Kathmandu valley and other major cities.
Political-System: Multiparty Democracy
Time: 5 hours 45 minutes ahead of GMT and 15 minutes ahead of Indian Standard Time
National Bird: Impean Pheasant (Danfe)
National Flower: Rhododendron- Arboreum (Lali Gurans)
Religion: Main religion in Nepal is Hinduism. However Buddhism, Islam and Christian religions are followed by some people. All religions even in minority have co-existed amicably in Nepal for ages.
Vegetation: Most outstanding bio-diversity in the world, ranging from sub-tropical Rain-forests to Alpine deserts
Electricity: 220 Volts AC – 50 Cycles
Weather: Climate ranges from Tropical in the lowlands to arctic higher altitudes
Monsoon: June to August. However, most of the northern belts of Trans-Himalayan Zones are in the rain-shadow which provides rain free trekking.
Topography: From the worlds deepest gorge ‘Kaligandaki to Mt. Everest, the highest point on earth.

What’s so Special About Nepal? Nepal is the only country in the world which contains

The highest mountain peak in the world (Everest-8848m)
The deepest river gorge in the world (Kali Gandaki River)
The birthplace of Lord Buddha (Lumbini)
The Living Goddess (Kumari) who is worshipped and taken in a chariot procession
The non-rectangular flag
The best place in the world to study Tibetan Buddhism
The largest selection of books on the Himalayas and mountain climbing
Kathmandu the capital city with as many idols as men and as many temples as houses
A hotel in Everest National park at an altitude of 3870m, claimed to be the highest hotel in the world (Hotel Everest View)


Is also one of the world’s great trekking paradise and probably the finest country in the world for trekking
Contains one of the ten best rivers in the world for rafting has such a concentration of art, culture and tradition in the Kathmandu valley which cannot be found anywhere else in the world
Is one of the few countries of the world where you can see one horned Rhinos
Contains Kathmandu, which is one of the best places to eat east of Bangkok and west of Istanbul. One guide book has called it ‘budge eating capital of Asia’

Nepal-occupying only 0.1% of the earth is home to :

2% of all the flowering plants in the world
8% of the world’s population of birds (more than 848 species)
4% of mammals on earth
11 of the world’s 15 families of butterflies (more than 500 species)
600 indigenous plant families
319 species of exotic orchid


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